Know Your Rights

Article 59, The Right to Vote

Article 59, The Right to Vote The constitution of the Republic of Uganda provides for representation of the people. Under this, the constitution protects the right to vote. The right to vote is fundamental because it directly affects other rights to the extent that the leaders we vote into power...

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Article 54-58: Independence of the Uganda Human Rights Commission

The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda emphasizes the independence of the Human Rights Commission while performing its duties. It is vital that the commission in performing its duties is not subject to the direction or control of any person or authority to avoid conflict of interest and to make...

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Article 53: Powers of the Uganda Human Rights Commission

The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda provides for the office of the Human Rights Commission as earlier discussed. In a bid to avoid excessive use and abuse of power, the Constitution expressly states the powers of this Commission as follows; To begin with, the Commission in carrying out its...

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Article 51 & 52: The Uganda Human Rights Commission and its functions

The Constitution under this Article establishes the Uganda Human Rights commission and sets up a structure for it, comprising of a chairperson and not less than three other persons appointed by the president with the approval of parliament. The chairperson of the commission shall be a Judge of the High...

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Article 49: Report on the Management of a State of an Emergency Has to Submitted to Parliament.

Article 49 continues to provide guidelines as to how the state of emergency is managed. The article provides for a report being submitted to Parliament. In every month in which there is a sitting of parliament, the minster responsible shall make a report to parliament in respect of the number...

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Article 46: Human rights and freedoms during a state of emergency

The constitution of the republic of Uganda seeks to protect and promote the rights of citizens under all circumstances. Article 46 in this regard provides for protection of human rights during a state of emergency. The clause provides that during a state of emergency, an act of parliament shall not...

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Article 47: Detention under emergency laws

Article 47 of The Constitution of Uganda, 1995 provides for detention under emergency laws. In the event that someone is detained during a state of emergency, the provisions under this article shall guide how they are treated. Under clause (a) the detained person has to be given a statement in...

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Article 48: State of emergency

The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda provides for measures to be taken during a state of emergency where a person has been detained or restricted. The Constitution places upon the Uganda Human Rights Commission a duty to review the case of a person who is restricted or detained under...

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Article 43: Limitation to the Enjoyment of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms

Article 43 of The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, 1995 provides for the limitation on the enjoyment of the fundamental rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. Article 27(2) of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights (1981) places a duty on individuals to exercise rights...

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Article 44: Non-derogable rights

The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda provides for a class of fundamental rights which cannot be taken away irrespective of any circumstance. The law refers to them as non–derogable rights and these include; freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, freedom from slavery or servitude,...

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Article 44 B: Prohibition from particular human rights and freedoms.

Article 44 provides for prohibition from particular human rights and freedoms. Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution, there shall be no derogation from the enjoyment of the following rights and freedoms: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment Freedom from slavery and servitude The right to fair...

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Article 45: The Bill of Rights

The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda provides for the bill of rights under Chapter four. Chapter four embodies the rights that are to be respected by all authorities, the state and individuals. Article 45 comes in to state that the human rights provides for in the bill of rights...

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Parliament To Make Laws To Enable Citizens To Access Information – Article 41(2)

The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda places a duty upon the Parliament to make laws prescribing the classes of information referred to under the right to access to information in the possession of various state agencies and the different procedures involved in obtaining such information. For a long time,...

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The Right to fair and just treatment in administrative decisions (Article 42)

Article 42 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda 1995 provides that any person appearing before any administrative official or body has a right to be treated justly and fairly and shall have a right to apply to a court of law in respect of any administrative decision taken...

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The Right to Protection for Pregnant Women at Work (Article 40 sub 40)

This right is provided for under Article 40 (4) of the Constitution of Uganda and it places a duty on the employer of every woman worker to accord her protection during pregnancy and after birth in accordance with the law. This right is important because of the vulnerability that comes...

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Your Right to Work (Article 40)

Article 40 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, 1995 provides for economic rights. This article seeks to protect labour rights in Uganda. In Particular, Clause (1) (a) provides for the right of persons to work under satisfactory, safe and healthy conditions. Objective XIV (b) provides that the state...

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Civil Rights and Activities (Article 38)

To participate in one's government is the duty of all adult citizens. People should be able to participate in decision-making process, especially those that affect them and their children's future. This important human right has been enshrined in our national Constitution, and in most international legal instruments. It is stated...

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Protection of Rights of Minorities

Article 36 of the Constitution provides that minorities have a right to participate in decision making processes and their views and interests shall be taken into account in the making of national plans and objectives. Minority groups also known as indigenous peoples are those who have retained their social, economic...

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Your Right to Freedom of Expression

Article 29 (1) (a) provides that every person shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression which shall include freedom of the press and other media This right has also been recognised under Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and also in Article 19 of the...

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Your Right to Life

Article 22 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda protects an individual’s right to life to the extent that no one must be intentionally deprived of the right to life. This goes without saying that the right to life is a qualified right in as much as the state...

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Your Right to a Fair Hearing and Protection from Double Jeopardy.

Double jeopardy is a procedural defence that prevents an accused person from being tried again on the same (or similar) charges and on the same facts, following a valid acquittal or conviction. If this issue is raised, evidence will be placed before the court, which will normally rule as a...

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Your Right to a Fair Hearing: No Punishment Without Law.

Article 28 (12) of the Constitution provides that, " Except for contempt of Court, no person shall be convicted of a criminal offence unless the offence is defined and the penalty for it prescribed by law." The general rule in simple terms is; no one can be convicted for a...

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Your Right to a Fair Hearing and Spousal Privilege

In the common law, spousal privilege (also called marital privilege or husband-wife privilege) is a term used in the law of evidence to describe two separate privileges that apply to spouses: the spousal communications privilege and the spousal testimonial privilege. Both types of privilege are based on the policy of...

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