The law governing pleadings in Uganda is found in the civil procedure rules and the civil procedure Act.
Under this law, it is a requirement that pleadings must contain all material facts.
Material facts is defined as a fact that is significant or essential to the issue or the matter at hand. This therefore means that pleadings must be drafted to include all material facts to enable the adversary party to have a fair opportunity to respond to the pleadings.
The material facts must be detailed and enough to provide enough information to the adversary party. Another importance of pleadings is to ensure that both parties are able to know what the issue is between them, so that each party may have full information of the case he/she has and prepare his evidence to support his own case or to meet that of the opponent.
It is important therefore to draft pleadings with caution and all the relevant particulars including the dates must be set out properly.
When drafting the pleadings, it is not simply enough to show a cause of action but specific particulars must be given in the plaint showing exactly in what respect the defendant is liable under the relief sought.
Another importance of disclosing particulars in a suit is to assist parties in framing issues as well as in avoiding surprises which are bound to happen if particulars are merely introduced as an intrusion during trial at the time evidence is adduced.
In Auto Garage &Another V Motokov No.3 of 1971 EA 514, Justice Mpagi Bahigene stated that where the plaint disclosed a cause of action, particulars of negligence must therefore be given in detail.
Order 6 Rule 1 provides that every pleading shall contain a brief statement of the material facts on which the party pleading relies for a claim or defence, as the case maybe.