The voters of any constituency and any interest group have the right to recall their Member of Parliament before the expiry of the term of Parliament. A Member of Parliament may be recalled from that office on any of the following grounds—
- Physical or mental incapacity rendering that member incapable of performing the functions of the office;
- Misconduct or misbehaviour likely to bring hatred, ridicule, contempt or disgrace to the office; or
- Persistent deserting of the electorate without reasonable cause.
Procedure to recall a Member of Parliament
- A petition in writing setting out the grounds relied on and signed by at least two-thirds of the registered voters of the constituency or the interest group and shall be delivered to the Speaker.
- On receipt of the petition referred to in clause (3) of this article, the Speaker shall, within seven days require the Electoral Commission to conduct a public inquiry into the matters alleged in the petition and the Electoral Commission shall expeditiously conduct the necessary inquiry and report its findings to the Speaker.
- The Speaker shall declare the seat vacant, if the Electoral Commission reports that it is satisfied from the inquiry, with the genuineness of the petition; or declare immediately that the petition was unjustified if the commission reports that it is not satisfied with the genuineness of the petition.
- Subject to the provisions of clauses (2), (3), (4) and (5) of Article 84 Parliament shall, by law prescribe the procedure to be followed for the recall of a Member of Parliament.
In conclusion, the right to recall a Member of Parliament is unpopular in Uganda’s political scene. The grounds on which to recall are almost impossible save for non-performance.